JFK is no doughnut: Berlin, 1963

JFK address 120,000 West Germans in Berlin in June 1963 © Getty Images

Some 120,000 West Germans turn out to hear US President John F Kennedy’s Berlin address on 26 June 1963: “Freedom has many difficulties and democracy is not perfect, but we never had to put up a wall to keep our people in,” he tells those living in the shadow of the recently erected Berlin Wall.

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Over the years, an urban myth will sprung up that his concluding message of solidarity “Ich bin ein Berliner” translates as “I am a jelly doughnut”. But, however amusing a notion, JFK’s German is correct.