Did Caligula really make his horse a lawmaker of Rome?

Or was he just horsing around...?


Incitatus, favourite horse of Emperor Caligula, allegedly lived in a grand marble house. We are told that Caligula loved him so much that he wanted to make him a consul (lawmaker). However, writers and historians were later keen to demonise Caligula, describing him as pure evil, so it is difficult to know whether the Roman Emperor really intended this equestrian promotion.


Caligula was not the most balanced of emperors but the belief may stem from the line “my horse could do a better job than you” or from the view that he loved his horse more than he did the Roman populace.